Kranti Diwas - Remembering Quit India Movement

Jeypore Times.  9th August.

The significant contribution form Orissa for the cause of freedom during Quit India movement

Today Nation is celebrating Kranti Diwas to remember the historic "Quit India" resolution. Quit India movement was adapted by Congress working committee at Wardha on 14th July 1942. The Congress also decided to start a non-violent struggle under leadership of Gandhiji if the Government failed to declare independence. On 8th August 1942 the All India Congress Working Committee meeting held at Gwalia Tank field in Bombay. Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad presided the meeting, over 250 Congress leaders including Harikrishna Maahatab, Malati Choudhury, Surendhranath Dwivedi, Laxminarayana Mishra, Prahlad Ray Rath from Orissa attended the meeting. The all India Congress committee accepted "Quit India" resolution in this meeting. 

In Orissa the Socialists welcomed "Quit India" resolution and pledged their support to Gandhiji. On the morning of 9th August 1942 Gandhiji and other leaders were taken into custody among them Harikrishna Mahatab, Surendhranath Dwivedhi were from Orissa. The arrest of  important leaders from Orissa and the declaration of All India Congress as illegal outfit caused a resentment among the people.The British Govt. declared all the congress organisations were unlawful . As a result of which the popular outburst in the state headed towards violence and sabotage. Congress volunteers went to interior villages and inspired the tribal people to raise voice against the British Government. The movement started by the peoples refusal to pay tax. 

In Koraput district, Police stations at Laxmipur, Mattili and Dasmantpur were attacked and the agitators caused sabotage by destroying communication links and removing railway tracks etc. Police picketing started in schools, courts, excise offices and other Government organisations. The British Government adopted a harsh repression to suppress the movement and gory instances of British atrocities reported from all over the country. On 21st August 1942 a big crowd under the leadership of tribal leader Laxmana Naik of Tentulugumma assembled at Mattili where they conducted a public meeting at weekly market. The unruly British police without provocation started lathi charge and indiscriminate firing on unarmed innocent people as a result six persons including one child died on the spot and hundreds of people injured. And on 24th August 1942 a large procession proceeded towards Dabugon to support the national movement. As soon as the procession reached the Turi river bridge at Papadahandi the British police party started indiscriminate firing on the procession as a result 19 persons were killed and hundreds were injured and countless people jumped into the floodwater of Turi river and washed away. During this period thousands of freedom fighters were killed by Britishers in Balasore, Bhandari Pokhari, Cuttack, Jajpur Town,Nimapada, Lunia, Tudigudaia and Erama.

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