Dengue awareness e-campaign by Jeypore Times

Know everything about dengue
Aedes mosquito which transmits dengue

What is dengue?

Dengue is a disease caused by a any one of four dengue viruses. These viruses are transmitted to humans by the infected mosquito bites.

Dengue is caused by which type of mosquitoes?

Dengue is caused by Aedes aegypti and Aedes alboplitus mosquitoes. Aedes aegypti mosquito is the most important transmitter of dengue virus.

What are the different types of dengue viruses?

There are four closely related dengue viruses known as DENV1, DENV2,DENV3 and DENV4. Dengue is caused by any one of these viruses, and that is possible to get dengue fever multiple times. However, an attack of dengue produces immunity  for a lifetime to that particular type of virus to which the patient was exposed.

How does dengue spread?

Dengue is transmitted to humans by the bite of an Aedes mosquito that is infected with a dengue virus. The mosquito infected with dengue virus when it bites a person who is infected with dengue virus.After about one week, the mosquito can then transmit the virus by biting a healthy person. Dengue can not be transmitted directly from person to person.

Who are at more risk?

Young children, elderly people, persons with low level of immunity and persons on immuno suppressive drugs are at more risk than compare to the normal people.

What are the symptoms?

Most infected people can either have symptoms of dengue fever or they may have no symptoms. The main symptoms of dengue fever are high fever, severe pain behind the eyes, severe headache, bone pain, muscle and joint pain. In some cases rashes and mild nose or gum bleeding may occur. People with their first dengue infection have milder illness than people with second infection.

What is the treatment for dengue?

There is no specific meditation for treatment of dengue infection. Persons infected with dengue may treated with analgesics (pain relievers) with acetaminophen. Infected people should avoid medicines which contain aspirin. They should take plenty of fluid intakes, take sufficient rest and consult a physician if they feel worse.

What is the advanced stage of dengue fever?

The more severe form of dengue is dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). DHF can be fatal if unrecognized and not properly treated in a timely manner. It is caused by infection with the same viruses which causes dengue fever. With timely detection and good  medical management the mortality rate due to DHF can be kept under one percent.

What are the symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF)?

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is characterized by a fever that lasts from 2 to 7 days. The common signs and symptoms consistent with dengue fever. When the fever declines, symptoms including severe abdominal pain, persisting vomiting  and difficulty in breathing may develop. The patient with DHF has a low platelet count and hemorrhagic manifestations, bleeding nose or gums, tendency to bruise easily or other types of  skin hemorrhages and probably internal bleeding.

What is the treatment for DHF?

Like dengue fever there is no specific treatment or medication available for DHF. It can however be effectively treated by fluid replacement therapy if an early diagnosis is made and it requires hospitalization. Please remember that every patient does not require fluid replacment therapy.

How to treat dengue fever at home?

If it is a simple dengue fever it can be treated at home. As it is a self limiting disease the treatment is purely supportive and symptomatic.

How to manage dengue fever at home?
  • Keep the fever low by giving Paracetamol (PCM) tablet or syrup as per physicians advice.
  • Avoid giving Dispirin or Aspirin to the patient.
  • Give plenty of fluids to the patient.
  • In case of high fever above 102 F, carry out hydrotherapy methods like placing a wet cloth over forehead, wiping the body with wet cloth etc,  to bring down the temperature. 
  • Give normal and well balanced diet to the patient. In fever, our system, infact requires more food.
  • Patient should take sufficient rest.
If any of the symptoms indicative of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) develop, rush the patient to the nearest hospital at the earliest for necessary treatment like transfusion of fluids or platelets.(please remember that every patient does not require platelet transfusion as mentioned above). It is very important to know that DHF can be treated successfully if correct diagnosis is made and treatment started early.

Prevention of dengue

By taking very simple measures dengue can be prevented. Prevention of this disease is very easy, cheap and better. And also don't forget to remember the quote "prevention is better than cure". Dengue can be kept at bay by preventing breeding of Aedes mosquitoes and by taking protection from Aedes mosquito bites. Here are the very easy simple steps to be taken for preventing dengue.

  • First and foremost thing is to prevent Aedes mosquito breeding. These mosquitoes generally breed on stagnant water so frequently replace the water in flower pots, air coolers and buckets etc.
  • Dispose off old items like tins, tubes and containers etc.
  • Keep the water tanks and water containers covered with  a lid to prevent mosquitoes entry and stop the breeding.
  • Prevent the entry of mosquitoes into the house by keeping wire mesh on doors and windows. This is very much affordable and more effective.
  • Keep your surroundings clean. Don't allow wild plants and herbs to grow in and around your surroundings. Don't litter garbage. Because these places will act as hiding and resting places for mosquitoes.
  • Fully cover the body with full sleeves and pants. Avoid T-Shirts and Knickers during this dengue season (July-October).
  • Use mosquito sprays, repellents, coils, creams, mats or liquids to drive away/kill the mosquitoes.
  • Approach municipal authorities and request for insecticidal spray in your locality.
  • Aedes mosquitoes bite even during day time and hence you should also take precaution against their bite during day time.
  • Dengue fever mostly occurs during  the rainy season in the months of July to October. So all these preventive steps to be taken during this season.
  • Keep the dengue infected person under a mosquito net for 6 to 7 days to prevent the access of mosquitoes to  the patient. This will help in reduction of spreading dengue disease to other members of  the house and locality.

Make a difference today,  help us by sharing and spreading the campaign

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You can help us in our campaign by sparing few minutes of your valuable time by following methods.

If you are a health professional please provide more tips and suggestions to our readers.
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Finally some tips and suggestions from Jeypore Times to NGOs

It's very nice see the rally which was organised by SEEWA, Jeypore on 23 Aug 2011 to create awareness among people about dengue. We need more and more such rallies to reach out to more people.

Here's are few suggestion for more effective campaigns by NGOs

Divide your manpower into teams.
Prepare placards, banners and pamphlets 
Allot each team a area or locality.
Set a time table. Start your campaign.
Launch door to door campaign. Give brief description of dengue. Explain about preventive measure and cure.
Choose highly populated areas and poor localities because the people in these areas really need awareness.
For more benefits, create a website/blog for your organisation (It doesn't cost a single paisa),  get recognized internationally, explain about your organizations goal, interact with other organisations, request monetary assistance for social cause from audience around the globe by adding a donate button to your site/bog.
Create a video of your campaign and send to us. We'll publish it on Jeypore Times Video Channel.

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